Single-Span Deep Beams Subjected to Unsymmetrical Loads
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Single-Span Deep Beams Subjected to Unsymmetrical Loads
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Single-Span Deep Beams Subjected to Unsymmetrical Loads

Author: Ning Zhang1, Kang-Hai Tan and Chee-Lai Leong | Size: 1.4 MB | Format: PDF | Quality: Unspecified | Publisher: ASCE | Year: 2009 | pages: 14


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This paper investigates the effects of unsymmetrical loadings on the strength and behavior of simply supported deep beams.
An experimental program consisting of 14 specimens has been carried out. Test results including crack patterns, load-deflection responses,
steel and concrete strains, and failure loads are presented and discussed with the effects of load inequality LI and load asymmetry LA.
Conclusions are drawn on the effects of LI and LA on deep beam behavior. The ACI 318-05 strut-and-tie method is found to slightly
overestimate the beam shear capacity. The writers proposed a direct strut-and-tie method STM for predicting the failure loads of
unsymmetrically loaded deep beams. By adopting an interactive failure criterion, no preset empirical stress limit is required in the model.
A load parameter  is introduced such that the proposed STM can simulate both the effects of LI and LA. It is shown that the proposed
STM is a generalized form that embodies the special cases of single-point and two-equal-point symmetric loading conditions. Besides, the
model gives promising results in predicting the possible failure modes. The STM predictions are in good agreement with test results as
well as finite-element predictions of 14 specimens.

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