FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF BASE ISOLATED BUILDINGS SUBJECTED TO EARTHQUAKE LOADS
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FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF BASE ISOLATED BUILDINGS SUBJECTED TO EARTHQUAKE LOADS
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FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF BASE ISOLATED BUILDINGS SUBJECTED TO EARTHQUAKE LOADS

Author: MAR SALOM ON1 , SERGIO OLLER2 AND ALEX BARBAT2; | Size: 0.23 MB | Format: PDF | Quality: Unspecified | Publisher: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 46, 1741{1761 (1999) | Year: 1999 | pages: 21


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A nite element formulation modelling hyperelastic quasi-incompressible rubber-like materials (elastomers) is
developed which takes into account large displacements and large elastic strains as well as inelastic e ects.
The capacity of laminated rubber-like materials to support high loads in compression and large displacements
in shear is the principal reason for their use in devices for seismic base isolation of structures. The energydissipation
capacity of these devices is increased by using high damping rubber, which is an elastomer
incorporating carbon black particles, or having lead-plug insertion. The Ogden strain energy function has
been used as a basis for the material model implemented in a total Lagrangian formulation, the strain being
decomposed into its deviatory and volumetric parts and the pressure variable being condensed at element level.
Mooney{Rivlin and neo-Hooke strain energy functions can also be used by simply changing the parameters of
the model. The stress{strain hysteresis, which appears when these devices are subjected to dynamic or quasistatic
cyclic loads, has been modelled by frequency dependent viscoelastic and plastic constitutive models. The
bearings have been modelled by means of an equivalent single element capable of describing the composite
behaviour of the actual isolation system. The proposed model is validated using available experimental results
and it is proved to be a powerful tool in dealing with di erent bearings. Finally, results for a six-storey base
isolated building subjected to the El Centro earthquake are given.

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