Dynamic Stiffness and Damping of a Shallow Foundation from Forced Vibration of a Fiel
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Dynamic Stiffness and Damping of a Shallow Foundation from Forced Vibration of a Fiel
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Dynamic Stiffness and Damping of a Shallow Foundation from Forced Vibration of a Field Test Structure

Author: Salih Tileylioglu, A.M.ASCE1; Jonathan P. Stewart, F.ASCE2; and Robert L. Nigbor, M.ASCE3 Abstract: | Size: 1 MB | Format: PDF | Quality: Unspecified | Publisher: JOURNAL OF GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING © ASCE / APRIL 2011 | Year: 2011 | pages: 10

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Foundation impedance ordinates are identified from forced vibration tests conducted on a large-scale model test structure in
Garner Valley, California. The structure is a steel moment frame with removable cross-bracing, a reinforced concrete roof, and a nonembedded
square slab resting on Holocene silty sands. Low-amplitude vibration is applied across the frequency range of 5–15 Hz with a uniaxial
shaker mounted on the roof slab. We describe procedures for calculating frequency-dependent foundation stiffness and damping for horizontal
translational and rotational vibration modes.We apply the procedures to test data obtained with the structure in its braced and unbraced
configurations. Experimental stiffness ordinates exhibit negligible frequency dependence in translation but significant reductions with
frequency in rotation. Damping increases strongly with frequency, is stronger in translation than in rocking, and demonstrates
contributions from both radiation and hysteretic sources. The impedance ordinates are generally consistent with numerical models for a
surface foundation on a half-space, providing that soil moduli are modestly increased from free-field values to account for structural weight,
and hysteretic soil damping is considered.

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