Strength and Drift Capacity of GFRP- Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls
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Strength and Drift Capacity of GFRP- Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls
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STRENGTH AND DRIFT CAPACITY OF GFRP- REINFORCED CONCRETE SHEAR WALLS

Author(s)/Editor(s): Nayera Ahmed Abdel-Raheem Mohamed A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Civil Engineering) | Size: 4.2 MB | Format: PDF | Quality: Unspecified | Publisher: Sherbrooke (Québec) Canada | Year: 2013 | pages: 173


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With the rise in constructing using FRP reinforcement, owing to corrosion problems in steel- reinforced structures, there is a need for a system to resist lateral loads induced from wind and earthquake loads. The present study addressed the applicability of reinforced-concrete shear walls totally reinforced with glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars to attain reasonable strength and drift requirements as specified in different codes. Four large-scale shear walls – one reinforced with steel bars (as reference specimen) and three totally reinforced with GFRP bars – were constructed and tested to failure under quasi-static reversed cyclic lateral loading. The GFRP-reinforced walls had different aspect ratios covering the range of medium-rise walls. The reported test results clearly showed that properly designed and detailed GFRP- reinforced walls could reach their flexural capacities with no strength degradation, and that shear, sliding shear, and anchorage failures were not major problems and could be effectively
controlled. The results also showed recoverable and self-centering behavior up to allowable drift limits before moderate damage occurred and achieved a maximum drift meeting the limitation of most building codes. Acceptable levels of energy dissipation accompanied by relatively small residual forces, compared to the steel-reinforced shear wall, were observed.
Finite element simulation was conducted and the analyses captured the main features of behavior. Interaction of flexural and shear deformations of the tested shear walls was investigated. It was found that relying on the diagonal transducers tended to overestimate shear distortions by 30% to 50%. Correcting the results based on the use of vertical
transducers was assessed and found to produce consistent results. Decoupling the flexural and shear deformations was discussed. Using GFRP bars as elastic material gave uniform distribution of shear strains along the shear region, resulting in shear deformation ranging from 15 to 20% of total deformation. The yielding of the steel bars intensified the shear strains at the yielding location, causing significant degradation in shear deformation ranging from 2 to 40% of total deformation. The results obtained demonstrated significantly high utilization levels of such shear wall type, therefore, primary guidelines for seismic design of GFRP- reinforced shear wall in moderate earthquakes regions was presented, as no design guidelines for lateral load resistance for GFRP-reinforced walls are available in codes. The ultimate limit
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I posted a Word file that contains the link "4shared" for download, the result of this download provides a pdf file with a size of 4 mega.
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